Writing next to a laptop

What Makes a Literacy Practice Evidence-Based?

Deborah K. Reed, Ph.D.

Posted on: June 6, 2017
With what level of confidence can you say a given literacy instructional practice may work to help students in your school or district learn to read? It all depends on the available research and evidence for that practice.

How to Make Handwriting Part of Early Literacy Instruction

By Shawn Datchuk, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, University of Iowa College of Education

This white paper explains how handwriting assessments can be used to analyze a student’s handwriting and then offers instructional techniques to improve the handwriting of elementary-aged students.

PDF iconHow to Make Handwriting Part of Early Literacy Instruction


PEER questions are meant to encourage deeper responses about a text, leading to a conversation beyond one-word answers.

PDF iconSet of PEER bookmarks


CROWD is used to remember the types of basic questions to ask: completion, recall, open-ended, “wh” questions, and distancing.

PDF iconSet of CROWD bookmarks

What Am I Thinking Organizer

Users of this tool are encouraged to write down their thoughts about a text in four different ways (opinion, reaction, connection, and visualization) and provide reasons from the text for their thoughts.

PDF icon"What am I Thinking" graphic organizer

Making Inferences

Using two prompts, users will be able to use this organizer to practice inferencing skills, which are critical for reading comprehension.

PDF icon"Making Inferences" graphic organizer