The University of Iowa

Written Expression - Grade 1 Students

Compose complete simple sentences

  • Use a variety of types (i.e., declarative, imperative, interrogative, exclamatory)  (L.1.1)
  • Use correctly spelled single-syllable, regular words and other high frequency words (L.1.2)1
  • Use phonetic spellings for longer, irregular, or unfamiliar words (L.1.2)2
  • Use correct order and verb tense (L.1.1)3

Combine several simple sentences to produce short written products (e.g., stories, poems, messages, opinions) in a logical sequence 

  • Link an opinion to a reason (W.1.1)
  • Write a story containing two or more events (W.1.3)
  • Write an informational text containing a topic and details (W.1.2)

Correct basic errors in the capitalization and end punctuation of composed sentences (L.1.2)

English learner and bilingual footnotes

1 At the very beginning stages, ELs will rely heavily on phonetics when writing English words of all types (even frequently used short words). They will be using the sounds of their native language to represent the words in English.

2 At first, ELs may use phonetic spellings that correspond to the phonetics of their native language. For example, Spanish-speaking students may confuse “b” with “v” or misspell vowel sounds that they perceive differently because of the influence of Spanish.

3 ELs can become familiar with English syntax, phrasing, and vocabulary by frequently re-reading exemplar written texts.