The University of Iowa

Oral Language - Kindergarten

Use informal, casual, formal, and academic language, in the appropriate context (L.K.6)

  • Share information and ideas by speaking audibly and clearly
  • Distinguish between asking and telling
  • Use social communication to make introductions and requests, to express empathy and feelings, and to ask “when/how” questions1
  • Initiate a topic and maintain conversation for four turns (initiate, listen, respond, listen)
  • Use vocabulary related to the topic
  • Report on past events and personal experiences
  • Make predictions orally while reading with an adult (e.g., “What do you think will happen next?”)
  • Expand grade-appropriate vocabulary used in oral expression

Speak using complete sentences of 4-7 words (L.K.1)

  • Use pronouns as the subject (I/she/he/we/they)2
  • Use present and regular past tense verbs
  • Use sentences that contain more than one verb
  • Join ideas using “and/so/because/if/when”
  • Use irregular plurals, articles, and adjectives

English learner and bilingual footnotes

1 ELs may not be able to use all forms of social communication in English, but they should be aware of the pragmatic importance of social communication and be able to recognize “when/how” questions when asked (even if they are unable to respond).
2 Depending on the context, subjects can be left out of Spanish sentences.