University of Iowa

Oral Language - Grade 1 Students

​​​​​​Use informal, casual, formal, and academic language, in the appropriate context (L.1.6; SL.1.1)

  • Speak using the conventions of language
  • Share information and ideas in discussion by following agreed-upon rules such as taking turns and listening to others
  • Use questions and clarifying statements to repair a communication breakdown
  • Draw conclusions orally while reading with an adult (e.g., “Why do you think that happened?”)
  • Expand grade-appropriate vocabulary used in oral expression

Produce, expand, and rearrange complete sentences (L.1.1)

  • Use pronouns as the object (me/her/him/us/them)1
  • Use the possessive case of pronouns2
  • Use prepositions3
  • Use adverbs that convey time
  • Produce simple sentences with subject-verb agreement4
  • Produce simple sentences with pronoun-antecedent agreement

English learner and bilingual footnotes

1 Pronouns in Spanish do not always change based on use (e.g., “Give it to him” vs. “He eats”), so ELs are likely to make more errors than non-ELs.
2 In Spanish, the possessive for he/she/it/they are the same. Spanish-speakers may say, “She spoke with his father,” instead of, “She spoke with her father.”
Developing knowledge of prepositions in a second language can take a long time
ELs may overgeneralize irregular past tense verbs.