University of Iowa

Foundational Skills: Phonics and Word Recognition

Word Box Template

A graphic organizer designed to help students determine which letters represent the sounds heard in a given word. A graphic representing the word is provided with blank spaces for each sound to be filled in. Both a three-space and six-space word box are included.

PDF iconWord Box Template

Reading Racetrack Sight Word Activity

Teach students how to recognize sight words, which helps students read effortlessly and focus on decoding difficult words, using this exercise that involves multiple rounds of instruction and practice.

PDF iconReading Racetrack Sight Word Activity

Look, Listen, and Think

Help young readers when they encounter unfamiliar word by helping them to look, listen, and think about the word with these questions.

PDF iconSet of Look, Listen, and Think bookmarks

Predicting Kindergartners' End of Year Spelling Ability from Their Reading, Alphabetic, Vocabulary, and Phonological Awareness Skills, and Prior Literacy Experiences

Jessica Sidler Folsom, Ph.D.

This study examined the role of home literacy, parental education, and demographic factors in addition to conventional literacy skills at the beginning and end of kindergarten in predicting end-of-kindergarten spelling achievement. The study involved 9 schools and 29 classrooms serving an economically and ethnically diverse population (N = 288).

A Synthesis of Morphology Interventions and Effects on Reading Outcomes for Students in Grades K-12

Deborah K. Reed, Ph.D.

This article synthesized the morphology intervention studies conducted in English with students in kindergarten through 12th grade between 1986 and 2006. Seven studies were identified as focusing primarily on morphology instruction, including roots and affixes, and measuring one or more reading-related outcomes (e.g., word identification, spelling, vocabulary, reading comprehension).

Why Teach Spelling?

Deborah K. Reed, Ph.D.

This resource is a compilation of three documents that support the teaching of spelling in today's schools: a discussion of "Why Spelling Instruction Matters", a checklist for evaluating a spelling program, and tables of Common Core State Standards that are linked to spelling instruction.