The University of Iowa


QAR Questions and Answers by Type

A guide to use when teaching students the Question-Answer Relationship (QAR) strategy to help teachers plan which questions to ask for the four question types and an answer that might be given.

PDF iconQAR Questions and Answers by Type

Parent-Child Conversation: More Than Just Idle Chatter

Jennifer Knight, Ph.D.

Posted on: July 11, 2017
When parents engage in meaningful oral conversations with children in the home, it can have a positive impact on their vocabulary skills and overall reading ability. Our tips can help foster more of these conversations.


Vowel Sounds Video


How to Make Handwriting Part of Early Literacy Instruction

By Shawn Datchuk, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, University of Iowa College of Education

This white paper explains how handwriting assessments can be used to analyze a student’s handwriting and then offers instructional techniques to improve the handwriting of elementary-aged students.

PDF iconHow to Make Handwriting Part of Early Literacy Instruction


PEER questions are meant to encourage deeper responses about a text during dialogic reading, leading to a conversation beyond one-word answers.

PDF iconSet of PEER bookmarks


CROWD is used to remember the types of basic questions to ask to facilitate dialogic reading: completion, recall, open-ended, “wh” questions, and distancing.

PDF iconSet of CROWD bookmarks